Download A Brief History of the Vikings by Jonathan Clements PDF

By Jonathan Clements

'From the Fury of the Northmen carry us, O Lord'. among the 8th and 11th centuries, the Vikings surged from their Scandinavian native land to alternate, raid and invade alongside the coasts of Europe. Their impact and expeditions prolonged from Newfoundland to Baghdad, their battles have been as far-flung as Africa and the Arctic. yet have been they nice seafarers or determined outcasts, noble heathens or oafish pirates, the final pagans or the 1st of the fashionable Europeans? This concise examine places medieval chronicles, Norse sagas and Muslim debts along newer learn into ritual magic, genetic profiling and climatology. It contains biographical sketches of a few of the main well-known Vikings, from Erik Bloodaxe to Saint Olaf, and King Canute to Leif the fortunate. It explains why the Danish king Harald Bluetooth lent his identify to a twenty-first century instant expertise; which destiny saint laughed as she buried overseas ambassadors alive; why such a lot of Icelandic settlers had Irish names; and, how the final Viking colony used to be destroyed through English raiders. Extending past the conventional 'Viking age' of so much books, "A short historical past of the Vikings" areas unexpected Scandinavian inhabitants stream in a much wider historic context. It offers a balanced appraisal of those notorious sea kings, explaining either their fast enlargement and its meant halt. meant simply because, finally, the Vikings didn't disappear: they changed into us.

Show description

Read Online or Download A Brief History of the Vikings PDF

Best middle ages books

Health and Disease in Byzantine Crete (7th - 12th centuries AD) (Medicine in the Medieval Mediterranean)

Lifestyle and residing stipulations within the Byzantine international are particularly underexplored matters, usually missed compared to extra noticeable facets of Byzantine tradition, resembling artworks. The publication is likely one of the few guides on Greek Byzantine populations and is helping pioneer a brand new method of the topic, beginning a window on overall healthiness prestige and nutritional styles in the course of the lens of bioarchaeological study.

Medieval Narrative: An Introduction

Medieval Narrative deals scholars an creation to the diversity of narrative genres and techniques of the medieval interval and explores the ways that medieval theories of narrative should be in comparison with modern-day theories. in the course of the textual content the writer attracts from a variety of examples, together with Chaucer's Canterbury stories, the Ancrene Wisse, and continental examples of medieval narrative corresponding to Boccaccio's Il Filostrato.

Valley of Dry Bones (Medieval Mystery Series, Book 7)

Medieval secret sequence, e-book 7

In the overdue summer season of 1274, King Edward has eventually been anointed England's ruler, and his queen contemplates a pilgrimage in gratitude for his or her secure go back from Outremer, a trip that might contain a remain at Tyndal Priory. Envoys are despatched to verify that every little thing should be compatible for the king's spouse, and Prioress Eleanor nervously awaits them, understanding that regal visits deliver alongside cost and honor. the price is better than anticipated, even though, while loss of life arrives because the unforeseen emissary. one of many courtiers is murdered close to the hut the place Brother Thomas now lives as a hermit. each one member of the get together has cause to hate the useless guy, together with Crowner Ralf's eldest brother, Sir Fulke, and the prioress's nemesis, the fellow in black. quickly Eleanor is embroiled within the harmful international of energy video games, either secular and spiritual. certainly, England's destiny below a brand new king may possibly provide desire and aid, yet skeletons from the prior can come again to reasonable these within the biblical valley of dry bones. Which had reason adequate to kill?

The Travels of Sir John Mandeville (Penguin Classics)

Ostensibly written through an English knight, the Travels purport to narrate his reviews within the Holy Land, Egypt, India and China. Mandeville claims to have served within the nice Khan's military, and to have travelled in 'the lands beyond' - nations populated through dog-headed males, cannibals, Amazons and Pygmies.

Extra info for A Brief History of the Vikings

Sample text

V. 251), while that line also suggests a violation of estate boundaries. Langland thus establishes the sin as a divisive force in the community. Coveitise’s customers also share his sin, for the most part. Lords borrowing for love of their armed gangs could hardly be free of avarice, and the ready availability of borrowed funds amplifies the social disturbance made possible by all forms of maintenance. This suggestion of aristocrats as both victims and accomplices emphasizes one reason usury is particularly negative for Langland.

The poor can compete with merchants here as a symbol of the material economy, because while a merchant’s material success makes virtue more difficult, poverty’s material failure directs the soul’s attention toward spiritual things, at least in theory. XIV. 106–7). With this emphasis on “rekenyng,” “arrerage,” and “dette,” the material discomfort of defaulting on a debt transfers to the much greater discomfort of coming up short at the Judgment. While there remains the possibility for merchants to fulfill their half of the contract with Truth and be “oute of dette,” Pacience doubts that they will.

Like his portrayals of merchants, Langland’s mendicants have traditionally been read as negative, though in the case of the latter scholars now rarely assume that estates satire material is necessarily historically descriptive. Penn R. 32 The controversy over friars matters here because of the nature of begging. XIV as a problematic figure for rejection of the material economy in favor of the spiritual. 34 The poem’s own complex relationship with the material world mirrors the problem of poverty and begging, as it refuses to present either voluntary poverty or wealth as a permanent solution to the world’s spiritual ills.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.58 of 5 – based on 30 votes