By Jiang Qing, Daniel A. Bell, Ruiping Fan, Edmund Ryden
As China keeps to remodel itself, many imagine that the kingdom will finally flow past communism and undertake a Western-style democracy. yet might China increase a different type of executive in keeping with its personal specified traditions? Jiang Qing--China's most unique, provocative, and debatable Confucian political thinker--says certain. during this booklet, he units out a imaginative and prescient for a Confucian constitutional order that gives a compelling substitute to either the established order in China and to a Western-style liberal democracy. A Confucian Constitutional Order is the main certain and systematic paintings on Confucian constitutionalism to this point.
Jiang argues opposed to the democratic view that the consent of the folks is the most resource of political legitimacy. in its place, he provides a entire solution to in attaining humane authority in accordance with 3 assets of political legitimacy, and he derives and defends a suggestion for a tricameral legislature that will top signify the Confucian political perfect. He additionally places ahead proposals for an establishment that may cut back the facility of parliamentarians and for a symbolic monarch who could embrace the ancient and transgenerational identification of the country. within the latter component of the publication, 4 major liberal and socialist chinese language critics--Joseph Chan, Chenyang Li, Wang Shaoguang, and Bai Tongdong--critically evaluation Jiang's theories and Jiang supplies special responses to their perspectives.
A Confucian Constitutional Order offers a brand new typical for comparing political growth in China and enriches the discussion of chances to be had to this swiftly evolving country. This ebook will fascinate scholars and students of chinese language politics, and is key studying for a person inquisitive about China's political future.
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Extra info for A Confucian Constitutional Order: How China's Ancient Past Can Shape Its Political Future
It is both an ideal and also an ideal that is not purely formal because it has been fashioned through history and is erected on a historical basis. This is very different from democratic politics. When faced with the question of legitimacy, democracy places its theoretical foundation in social contract theory. The idea of the social contract is one that uses reason or, better, concepts to posit the origin of the state and then to construct political legitimacy. The legitimacy of a democracy is a product of pure reason and speculation that lacks an authentic historical background.
This is where the Way of the Humane Authority of Chinese culture comes into play. It is the new starting point for politics and the new hope for human history. To appreciate the value of the Way of the Humane Authority, we must first of all understand the flaws of democracy. The major flaw of democracy is the uniqueness of the legitimacy of the popular will. The exaggerated importance given to the will of the people leads to extreme secularization, contractualism, utilitarianism, selfishness, commercialism, capitalization, vulgarization, hedonism, mediocritization, this-Â�worldliness, lack of ecology, lack of history, and lack of morality.
God was the ultimate source of the legitimacy of secular power. God is unique, absolute, self-Â�sufficient, exclusive, and the supreme essence, and so was what derived from God. The only difference between the sovereignty of God and that of the people lies in the content itself. In both the form and the way in which legitimacy is thought of, the two are exactly alike. Both come from a tendency to think in terms of absolutes, and so neither can admit any other form of legitimacy. In fact, the sovereignty of the people is simply the secular equivalent of the sovereignty of God.