By Toby Seddon
'A heritage of substances' information the historical past of the connection among medications and freedom over the past 2 hundred years; hence demanding and unravelling the 'naturalness' of the 'drug question', because it strains the a number of and heterogeneous traces of improvement out of which it's been assembled. creation : medicines, freedom and liberalism -- A conceptual map : freedom, the "will" and habit -- Opium, legislation and classical liberalism : the drugstore act 1868 -- medications, prohibition and welfarism : the harmful medicines act 1920 -- medicines, probability and neo-liberalism : the medicine act 2005 -- medicinal drugs as a law and governance challenge -- Conclusions : medications and freedom within the liberal age
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Additional info for A history of drugs : drugs and freedom in the liberal age
Hence, Sir William Collins’ famous allusion to Rush’s notion of addiction as a ‘disease of the will’ (Collins, 1916). So, again, charting the freedom–will–addiction series is key to understanding developments. One more recent example further underlines the point. Although theorizing about addiction, or at least the construction of grand theoretical schema, has largely gone out of fashion in the past few decades, particular conceptions of addiction can nevertheless still be seen within speciﬁc drug policies and practices.
The same process that created the market economy, the factory, and the modern urban environment also brought into being the health problems that made necessary new means of disease prevention Opium, regulation and classical liberalism 41 and health protection. It is signiﬁcant that public attention was ﬁrst attracted to these problems at Manchester, the ﬁrst industrial city. Here a series of epidemic fevers had brought sharply to the notice of the community the signiﬁcance of factories and congested dwellings as providing conditions in which such diseases could ﬂourish and spread.
At the same time, the new positivist human sciences – criminology, social work, the ‘psy’ sciences – were also transforming ideas about human nature. Put simply, these emerging bodies of knowledge and their associated programmes claimed to be discovering the ‘causal laws’ which explained human behaviour. For example, criminology – through the work 24 A History of Drugs of Lombroso, Ferri, Garofalo, Goring and others – began to identify the mental, physical and other defects which ‘caused’ criminality.