Download A History of Palestine, 634-1099 by Moshe Gil PDF

By Moshe Gil

This used to be the 1st entire background of Palestine from the Muslim conquest in 634 to that of the Crusaders in 1099. it's a 1992 translation and revised model of quantity I of Palestine throughout the First Muslim interval which used to be released in Hebrew in 1983 and offers an authoritative survey of the early mediaeval Islamic and Jewish worlds. in response to a magnificent array of assets together with files from the Cairo Geniza assortment, the writer examines the lives of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim groups of Palestine opposed to a history of the political and armed forces occasions of the interval. particular cognizance is paid to the heritage of Palestinian Jews below Muslim rule. a vital source for college students and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish historical past, non secular reports and for a person attracted to the heritage of the Holy Land.

Professor Gil starts via reviewing the political and armed forces occasions in Palestine earlier than and after the Arab invasion. Later chapters discover the Abbasid, Tiiliinid, Ikhshidid and Fatimid sessions, within which time Palestine was once a nearly perpetual battlefield for states, armies and factions. by contrast backdrop of clash and administrative adjustments, the writer portrays the standard lifetime of Palestine and its population. He appears on the financial historical past of Palestine- its agriculture, delivery amenities, exports and platforms of taxation- in addition to the non secular prestige ofJerusalem, the character of Islam's tolerance in the direction of Jews and Christians and the prestige, management and customs of the Christian population. particular consciousness is paid to the historical past of Palestinian Jews less than Muslim rule. Professor Gil information their topography, fiscal actions and non secular existence; he explores the Karaite and Samaritan groups and discusses the position of the main renowned Jewish establishment, the yeshiva.

"A historical past of Palestine, 634-1099" is predicated on a powerful array of resources. Professor Gil has rigorously learn the greater than 1,000 files of the Cairo Geniza assortment and those are paralleled by way of Arabic, Syriac, Latin and Greek fabric. This enormous research might be learn through scholars and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish background and spiritual experiences and by way of someone drawn to the background of the Holy Land.

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Additional resources for A History of Palestine, 634-1099

Sample text

Though numerically strong, the army was very badly organised. It was divided according to geographic regions and lacked a unified command. At its head stood the duces (dux in the singular, which is the dukiis in Talmudic literature), who divided the authoritative power amongst themselves and whose military status allowed them many rights of possession to the inhabitants' property. A universal characteristic was their indifference to matters for which they were responsible. The conditions prevalent in the army were also mirrored, to a large extent, in the social and general administrative conditions of Byzantine Egypt.

10 9 10 Antonius of Chozeba, in his study on the life of St Georgius of Chozeba (who was his teacher), describes the slaughter of the monks in Chozeba. See Vita S. , 7:95,1888,129£. ' But even Constantelos feels the need to insert reservations in his article from time to time, when he points to a fact which is an exaggeration or to another which in reality applies to the Persians and not to the Arabs. This is an example of the reading of ancient texts in accordance with contemporary considerations.

Thus one chronicle mentions that when 'the Ishmaelites came and conquered the land of the Philistines', the great priest was Nethanel; but on the other hand, it states that the death of Abii Bakr (which happened prior to the conquest of Palestine) took place during the time of Nethanel's successor, Eleazar; see the chronicle in Adler et Seligsohn, RE], 45(1902), 241; see Birmester, 13, on the Coptic fast. See TS 10 C 2 (no. l11 edited by Mann, ]QR, NS 12(1921), 518, quoted here on the basis of what I read at the Institute of Microfilmed Hebrew Manuscripts, film No.

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