Download A History of the Life Sciences, Revised and Expanded by Lois N. Magner PDF

By Lois N. Magner

I skimmed this e-book for history details, and used to be inspired that Magner's didn't interpret and choose historical historical past on a latest technology foundation, yet fairly awarded and evaluated each one scientist as he handled the knowledge he had, answering the questions offered to him via the tradition during which he lived. Magner additionally did rather well explaining clinical principles to me -- a a bit scientifically informed, yet non-science significant.

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Extra info for A History of the Life Sciences, Revised and Expanded

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Unfortunately, political turmoil soon ended this productive and relatively serene period. When Alexander died, Athens rebelled against Macedonian rule. " After a year spent in exile at Chalcis, the philosopher died. Although the bulk of Aristotle's works survived, there are gaps and uncertainties as to the order in which they were written. Some of the texts were apparently edited by his collaborators, and some might even be student notes reflecting a garbled version of what Aristotle really said and thought.

Thus, some of his views on perception and the nature of the senses have been reconstructed. Unlike Plato, Strato believed that true knowledge was the result of experience. He rejected Plato's view of true knowledge as something possessed only by the soul and independent of experience. Through investigations of the relationship between the senses and the mind, Strato concluded that it is in the mind that a stimulus generated from outside the body is transformed into a sensation. According to Strato, perception and thought were the province of the same soul.

Such a directive led to the search for the elegant mathematical relationships and abstract laws that lie beyond empirical observations. Eventually, the successes of this approach in astronomy and physics seemed to reflect badly on other fields and created what has been called the problem of "physics envy" among biologists. In terms of the immediate history of biology, the concept of species and genus and the beginnings of systematic taxonomy, which were established in the work of Aristotle, were inspired by Plato's search for the eternal ideal forms.

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