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By Brian Bocking

A complete word list and reference paintings with greater than one thousand entries on Shinto starting from short definitions and jap phrases to brief essays facing elements of Shinto perform, trust and associations from early occasions as much as the current day.

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Fire festivals at New Year involve the burning of the seasonal decorations and divination for the coming year. An example of a shrine-based shōgatsu no hi-matsuri (new year fire festival) is the Oni-yo (demon-night) festival at the Tamasu-jinja, Fukuoka. Huge pine torches one and a half metres across called taimatsu are set alight and hoisted up, supported on oak poles. The ritual ‘closing’ of Mt. Fuji at the end of the climbing season is marked by the lighting of several huge taimatsu during Introduction 41 the Yoshida no hi-matsuri at the Fuji-sengen jinja, Yamanashi, August 26–27th.

In most shrines, except for the very large ones, the role of gūji or kannushi is a part-time occupation. See shinshoku. Gyōretsu A procession or parade at a Shintō festival, made up of various elements (often in pairs) such as priests, warriors or guardian deity figures (zuijin), torches (taimatsu), lanterns (chōchin), floats (yatai), one or more mikoshi, children or ‘virgins’ (chigo, otome) and other features particular to the festival. Hachimaki Head-band. Hachimaki refers to any headband or sweatband worn round the forehead, often with a slogan inscribed.

Kiyomaru was a devout Buddhist and his shrine used to be in the precincts of the Buddhist Shingo-ji temple. In 1851 shortly before the Meiji restoration the emperor Kōmei gave Wake-nokiyomaro the title of shōichi-go-ō-daimyōjin ‘great god protector of the emperor’. His shrine became the Go’ō shrine in 1874 and was moved to its present separate site in 1886. Go-riyaku Honorific form of riyaku Goryō Also onryō. Unquiet or vengeful spirits, typically of those who have died violently or unhappily and without appropriate rites.

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