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By Stephen Trombley

A brief, sharp and wonderful survey of the advance of all points of the Western philosophical culture from the traditional Greeks to the current day.

Stephen Trombley's A brief historical past of Western Thought, outlines the 2,500-year historical past of ecu principles from the philosophers of Classical Antiquity to the thinkers of today.

No significant consultant of any major strand of Western concept escapes Trombley's realization: the Christian Scholastic theologians of the center a while, the nice philosophers of the Enlightenment, the German idealists from Kant to Hegel; the utilitarians Bentham and Mill; the transcendentalists Emerson and Thoreau; Kierkegaard and the existentialists; the analytic philosophers Russell, Moore, Whitehead and Wittgenstein; and - final yet no longer least - the 4 shapers-in-chief of our smooth global: Karl Marx, Charles Darwin, Sigmund Freud and Albert Einstein.

A brief background of Western Thought is a masterly distillation of two-and-a-half millennia of highbrow background, and a readable and enjoyable crash path in Western philosophy.

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R. , 21·25 June 2000 and the "2000 [nternational Conference on Dunhuang Studies" at the DuD huang Academy, Dunhuang, Gansu, P. , 29 July-3 August, 2000). 9 INTRODUCTION - of manuscript scrolls and paintings, which were stacked up to the ceiling in a side chapel of a larger cave temple, numbered Cave 16 today. " By 1900 Dunhuang had been a forgotten and largely abandoaed site for some centuries, although Buddhist activities continued on a reduced scale. Because Dunhuang was not well known then, Wang met with little success despite his attempts to draw his unique fmd to the attention of the authorities, who believed that it was expensive and too much trouble to move the large number of scrolls and other paintings and manuscripts to Lanzhou im1+1 or the capitaL Therefore, when the Hungarian-born British archaeologist, Aurel Stein arrived on the scene, Cave 17 was still almost untouched; a temporary wall blocking the entrance had even been built to protect the finds.

Because of the constant shifts of allegiance and influence among these regional centres, the study of this period is more problema6c than that of the preceding one. Researching this era is fascinating because at this time important iconographic and stylistic inventions initially originating in the art of non-Chinese peoples entered Chinese culture. As the Liao � (9071 1 25), the Tanguts or Xi Xia illi Jr ( l 036- 1 226), the Jin � ( 1 1 15-1 234-) and the Yuan 5G (1 260-1 368) were dynasties of non-Chinese origin ruling China or important parts of it, many of their innovations were then taken up and passed into mainstream Chinese religious thought and art.

Mellon Foundation, Professor Saral1 Fraser started the digitising of Dunhuang caves n i 1999. Using digital cameras, her team from Northwestern University, in collaboration with che Dunhuang Research Academy, has photographed the waD paintings and sculpture in the most unportant 42 caves. The digital images were digitally "stitched" together to produce two- and three-dimensional visual representations of the cave surfaces. vith full measurements of all caves. See Hu Suxin: "Siyuan eaifu yu suren gong yang'' [Temple wealili .

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