By Rob Imrie
This booklet considers the interrelationships among incapacity and housing layout with a spotlight at the function of coverage in addressing the housing wishes of disabled humans. The e-book will set out the various broader debates concerning the nature of housing, caliber and layout: in what methods is household layout and structure implicated in inhibiting or facilitating mobility and stream of individuals; what's the nature of presidency rules and coverage on the subject of the layout of domestic environments. thus far there's very little wisdom concerning the diversity of techniques to available layout in housing nor how some distance rules and practices are enough or now not in developing available domestic environments. This publication will pass a way to handle this shortfall in wisdom.
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4 Photograph (a) depicts a new development that retains steps to the entrances of the two houses in the foreground, so rendering them inaccessible to wheelchair users. Photograph (b) shows a common problem, in which entry to the dwelling may have ramped and/or level access, but it lacks the same facility for access to the garden. This limits the usability of the house. Photograph (c) shows the back entrance to Anne’s house, constructed in such a way that she is unable to use this route. (a) (b) (c) Accessible housing, quality and design revolves around what Young (1990: 38) refers to as ‘oppressive social relations’ – that is, ‘systematic institutional processes that prevent some people from developing and exercising their capacities and expressing their experiences’.
Only a quarter of the sample were able to afford to make adaptations to their home, and most of these were homeowners. e. 11 The implication is that most of the dwelling stock in the UK, and elsewhere, is not designed to respond to the needs of people with different types of impairment (see also Karn and Sheridan, 1994). This is particularly so with regard to individuals with mobility impairments, and where the use of a wheelchair is required. 13 A similar survey, of housing and planning needs in Bournemouth in the UK, revealed that nearly two-thirds (62 per cent) of those relying on a wheelchair lived in homes not suited to wheelchair use (Bournemouth Borough Council, 1998).
31 32 Concepts and contexts The term ‘ﬂexibility’ has its origins in debates about architectural process in the 1950s, and it was, at that time, a reaction against the deterministic excesses of functionalism, or the view that asserts that space (form) determines function or the use of the built environment. The debates about ﬂexibility expressed some dissatisfaction with the modernist paradigm, particularly the conception of the architect as expert and purveyor of architectural quality through the context of design (see also Chapter 7; Bloomer and Moore, 1977; Bentley, 1999).