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A comparative examine which describes and analyses the contribution of agriculture to the economies of East Asia. previously, little consciousness has been paid to the rural region which truly underpins business and advertisement improvement. lately, this area has develop into the point of interest of more and more sour fiscal disputes, specifically over defense and using import price lists. A comparative framework is used, using case reviews from Japan, Taiwan and South Korea to focus on either the typical features of agriculture's position in East Asian improvement, and lines specific to the political economic climate of agriculture in every one nation.
Read Online or Download Agriculture and Economic Development in East Asia: From Growth to Protectionism in Japan, Korea and Taiwan (Esrc Pacific Asia Programme (Series).) PDF
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Extra resources for Agriculture and Economic Development in East Asia: From Growth to Protectionism in Japan, Korea and Taiwan (Esrc Pacific Asia Programme (Series).)
On this basis in East Asia, first in Japan and then through technology transfer in Taiwan and Korea, a technological development path emerged in agriculture which generated rapid growth in yields and a more effective use of labour both within and outside agriculture, and which enabled the small-scale cultivator to participate in the industrialisation process. The basis for this technological development rested on fertiliser-responsive seed varieties, just as the later Green Revolution in Asian agriculture has done.
Why did such resource transfer as occurred apparently not result in the kinds of dualism, inequality and general neglect of agriculture that have beset other developing countries pursuing different paths to industrialisation? In particular, how did the small, rice-cultivating family farm survive within its network of villagelevel co-operative organisations? As is the case with East Asian industrialisation, there are those who would argue that the real keys to success 18 Agriculture and economic development in East Asia lay in developments prior to the rapid growth phases—in agri-culture’s case, these would include previous investment in the irrigation infrastructure, the accumulation of technological knowledge, the post-war land reforms, and so on—and that the distinctive preconditions to East Asia’s rapid growth nullify any general conclusions which might be drawn from their experience.
In part, these phenomena have to be explained by the initial conditions on the basis of which the take-off into economic growth took place in East Asia. 6 Sectoral distribution of GDP and employment (%) Sources: BAS: 4, 14; Korea Statistical Yearbook, various years; Ohkawa and Shinohara 1979: Tables A12, A53; MAFF Abstract: 75. development in pre-industrial Japan and, to some extent at least, of Japanese colonial policy and investment in pre-war Korea and Taiwan, left farm households better placed to respond both to new technology and to growing market opportunities than their counterparts in areas of the developing world with less highly developed ‘traditional’ rural sectors.