By Ruth A. Johnston
All issues Medieval: An Encyclopedia of the Medieval World covers the widest definition of "medieval Europe" attainable, now not by way of overlaying historical past within the conventional, textbook demeanour of directory wars, leaders, and critical historical occasions, yet via providing unique alphabetical entries that describe the artifacts of medieval Europe. by means of studying the hidden fabric tradition and by means of featuring information regarding issues that few books cover—pottery, locks and keys, sneakers, weaving looms, barrels, toys, pets, ink, kitchen utensils, and lots more and plenty more—readers get worthy insights into the character of existence in the course of that point interval and area.
The heartland eu areas resembling England, France, Italy, and Germany are lined commonly, and data concerning the items of areas corresponding to Byzantium, Muslim Spain, and Scandinavia also are integrated. for every subject of fabric tradition, the access considers the entire scope of the medieval period—roughly 500-1450—to provide the reader a old point of view of comparable traditions or innovations and describes the craftsmen and instruments that produced it.
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Way of life and dwelling stipulations within the Byzantine international are particularly underexplored topics, usually missed compared to extra noticeable points of Byzantine tradition, equivalent to artworks. The booklet is likely one of the few courses on Greek Byzantine populations and is helping pioneer a brand new method of the topic, starting a window on overall healthiness prestige and nutritional styles throughout the lens of bioarchaeological study.
Medieval Narrative bargains scholars an advent to the variety of narrative genres and techniques of the medieval interval and explores the ways that medieval theories of narrative could be in comparison with modern-day theories. through the textual content the writer attracts from quite a lot of examples, together with Chaucer's Canterbury stories, the Ancrene Wisse, and continental examples of medieval narrative corresponding to Boccaccio's Il Filostrato.
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In the overdue summer season of 1274, King Edward has ultimately been anointed England's ruler, and his queen contemplates a pilgrimage in gratitude for his or her secure go back from Outremer, a trip that would comprise a remain at Tyndal Priory. Envoys are despatched to verify that every thing might be appropriate for the king's spouse, and Prioress Eleanor nervously awaits them, understanding that regal visits carry alongside rate and honor. the associated fee is better than anticipated, although, whilst demise arrives because the unforeseen emissary. one of many courtiers is murdered close to the hut the place Brother Thomas now lives as a hermit. each one member of the occasion has cause to hate the useless guy, together with Crowner Ralf's eldest brother, Sir Fulke, and the prioress's nemesis, the fellow in black. quickly Eleanor is embroiled within the risky global of energy video games, either secular and non secular. certainly, England's destiny below a brand new king might provide desire and reduction, yet skeletons from the prior can get back to lifelike these within the biblical valley of dry bones. Which had reason sufficient to kill?
Ostensibly written by means of an English knight, the Travels purport to narrate his reviews within the Holy Land, Egypt, India and China. Mandeville claims to have served within the nice Khan's military, and to have travelled in 'the lands beyond' - international locations populated via dog-headed males, cannibals, Amazons and Pygmies.
Extra resources for All Things Medieval: An Encyclopedia of the Medieval World
The shields were about the size of a pizza—14 inches to 30 inches at the largest. They had a hole cut in the center large enough to fit a hand. A metal boss covered this hole; it had a handgrip bar at the back. It was nearly cone-shaped, with a point to deflect blows. Very few wooden shields have survived, but many shield bosses have been found in pagan graves. The Norman invasion in 1066 brought a new style of shield. The shields shown on the Bayeux Tapestry are large and kite-shaped, carried on the left arm.
Because Carolingian scribes copied a very large number of old texts that were falling apart, their script became universal and dominant. They also used some of the older scripts from the material they were copying in order to set off headings and first letters. During the 11th century, a new script, now called Gothic, came into use. Gothic letters were narrower, in order to fit more letters on a page of parchment. They were written quickly, and the style included serifs—lines left as the pens were lifted at an angle.
Blades, arrows, or bullets were used on the newly made armor to prove it was strong. This was called “armor of proof,” and it was guaranteed to work. The full harness was temporarily assembled, too, to check if it had been properly fitted. It was finished, but it was black, rough, and dented. The pieces of plate armor were polished, either by hand or on a waterdriven polishing wheel. The steel began to shine like glass. For luxury armor, the pieces were etched with acid or plated with gold. Finally, the master armorer finished the harness.