Download An Unholy Trinity: Labor, Capital and Land in the New by Duncan K. Foley PDF

By Duncan K. Foley

A few of the principal result of Classical and Marxian political economic system are examples of the self-organization of the capitalist financial system as a fancy, adaptive procedure faraway from equilibrium.An Unholy Trinity explores the kin among modern complicated structures concept and classical political economic climate, and applies the equipment it develops to the issues of caused technical switch and source of revenue distribution in capitalist economies, the keep watch over of environmental externalities corresponding to international warming and the stabilization of the area population.The arguments and techniques of this significant e-book tackle crucial difficulties either one of monetary technological know-how and monetary coverage and supply clean paths for theoretical exploration.

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Additional resources for An Unholy Trinity: Labor, Capital and Land in the New Economy (Graz Schumpeter Lectures, 6)

Example text

The Goodwin model In analytical terms the most elegant expression of these dynamics in the Classical/Marxian literature is Richard Goodwin’s model of the capitalist labor market (Goodwin, 1967). Denoting employment by N and the potential labor force by L, Goodwin assumes that the rate of change in the wage per worker, w, will be proportional to the excess of the employment rate e = N/L over an institutionally given level e0 , at which the real wage would not change. 1) This formulation has several shortcomings.

It is difficult to overstate the historical importance of these two factors in shaping the social and political development of capitalist society. While diminishing returns to land and natural resources have created occasional bottlenecks for capital accumulation, on the whole the productivity of land and natural resources has also grown very rapidly, in sharp contrast to Ricardo’s and Malthus’ vision of diminishing returns. In fact there seems to be little evidence of an increase in rent as a share of output.

The difficulty this poses for economic analysis is that we do not have a very good understanding of the economics of long-run technical change, nor very good data from which to extrapolate over such a long time scale. The Classical/Marxian theory of induced technical change as an explanation of the evolution of labor and capital productivity and the wage share offers a promising analytical approach to these problems. By extending the analysis to three inputs to production, labor, capital, and land (representing the capacity of the environment to absorb the byproducts of production such as greenhouse gas emissions), we can study the paths the world economy will follow with and without the pricing of scarce environmental resources Complexity, self-organization, and political economy 27 like the atmosphere.

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